Did basketball 'the game' win? If 'yes', then you had a reasonable game. If 'no', or 'not sure' then start to self analyse: Did I call all shooting foul?
Did I call all the fouls which put the team at a disadvantage? Did I get into the correct position to be able to call fouls and violations correctly?
Did I call poor skills, such as travelling/ illegal dribbles, so that playing standards are enhanced? Was I able to communicate my calls clearly and with authority?
Did I cooperate with all my co-officials? Did I give them help when needed, but ensured that my areas of responsibility were upheld?
If at all possible ask more experienced referees to give you a pointer to improve your game. Can you select one improvement from the above guidance and work hard at it during the next game?
Before the Game
Fill in every section of the scoresheet header as well as the home and away team
player squads; make sure you include their licence number, surname and first initial. As shown on the completed sheet.
This should be done in numerical order, starting with the lowest number. All the
writing should be done in capital letters so it is easier for others to read.
In Tip Time, add the time the game started, not the expected tip time, and should be done in the 24 hours clock format. 13:01.
Once you have prepared the sheet, check with both coaches, home team first,
get their starting five, mark this with an 'X'. Get the coaches signature next to their name.
The coach and assistant coach also needs to be added written in the same
manor as you would a player. If a Team Manager is present, add their name
and Licence Number.
As the starting five are entering the playing court; circle the players in.
Recording of the Score
For the home team write the player number in the left box next to the score under column A.
Away team to the right under column B.
Use a diagonal line over a field goal (2 or 3 points).
Circle the player number for a three point score.
Recording a successful free throw with a solid dot
over the score.
At the end of each period mark off unused team fouls and draw a single line under the last basket scored for the first, second and
third period and a double line to end the game. Circle the last score in every quarter. With the end of each period you are to record the period score.
Marking down the points scored in each period. Not the overall score up
to that point! Remember to put any extra period scores in and the
Final Score at the end of the game. Record the winning team name.
If a player hasn't played the game but was on the squad list, a line from
player in box through the five personal fouls is to be drawn to show that
the player has not taken part. If there are not 12 players the remaining
unused lines are to be lined through. Also see score sheet (over) for more
than one empty player box. [completed sheet]
Preparing for your game
Take pride in your appearance. Make sure that you are wearing the correct uniform, an official YBL* referee top. Check with your co-official(s) so that you wear matching referee tops.
*YBL referees must wear a referee top, black trousers, black trainers or basketball shoes.
Both referees need to check that the table officials are present, table equipment and scoreboard are working. The match ball to be checked for suitability for the game and not used for warm ups once deemed suitable.
Make sure teams have provided a team list with the correct licence numbers to your table official team.
Complete a receipt and claim payment from the paying club. Receipts are available for printing on the YBL website.
Warm up suitably, including cardio and stretching.
Discuss with you co-official(s), agree on how the game will be called. Agree on things to watch out for, game mechanics and teamwork.
Have a pre-game discussion with your table team and both coaches, inform coaches of your ground rules for the game.
Remember your mechanical movements on lead and trail. Use the correct signals. Make sure you keep up with the play. Run, don't walk!
Use time-outs and time between quarter periods to discuss the game with your co-official(s). Check with the table if they are happy or have any point to raise. Remain professional, remember to hydrate yourself. Either stand in front of the table or stand towards the opposite side of the court to the table to review the game so far.
It is NOT acceptable for any of the officials to start dribbling the ball or to start shooting the ball into any of the baskets.
It is important to be professional at all times, this works well and earns respect of the coaches and their players.
Shake hands with players, coaches, your co-official(s) and table officials. Check the score sheet is correct, that a captain is not ‘signing under protest’ once happy sign the sheet. Do not rush out of the venue. Make sure everything is right before you leave. When possible leave with you co-official(s).
This all starts with the refs pre-game with your fellow official and discussing how to do the machanics of calling the charge/block foul. As a general rule whoever the charge is coming to should take the call (normally the lead official). On a double whistle the non active official should raise his fist for the foul but should withold any signals until he or she sees the call from their co-official. Then mimic the active officials' actions!
The charge/block being discussed between officials is anything outside the no-charge semi-circle. The active official should be doing the following;
1) Refereeing the defence.
2) Ensure that the defender has a legal guarding position.
3) Ensure that any contact is with the torso/chest; if yes, then charge/block; if no, then defenseive foul or a no call.
4) If the contact was the torso/chest did the offensive player 'go through'
the defender. If its a 'go through' then a charge should be called. If the offensive player goes to the player and stops or makes a jump shot then a no call is the correct decision.
The charge/block is one of the most difficult calls to make. Discussing at the end of the game will always help. Remember on any hard charge/block making a call will be regarded by 50% of the players as correct. Making a no call and 100% of players will believe you are wrong.
Be sympathetic to inexperienced referees who may get this wrong. Make sure that in your training that players know legal guarding position, then if they move laterally or backwards they can be confident in playing good defence. If a defensive player moves then teach them that they have to get their outside foot down before any contact occurs.
The charge/block is always a spectator talking event. As a club if you can explain any techniques which helps their understanding then basketball the game will benefit
The Technical Foul should be awarded to any player or coach who has caused an infraction which is not a contact foul. There are three main categories:-
Verbal dissent; When the player/coach tells you he disagrees with the call. Often shouting at you at the same time.
Visual dissent; When the player/coach shows some sort of body action such as raising the arms, shaking the head, wagging a finger at you or some forms of gesturing towards you.
Players and coaches informing the refs of how to ref the game. Examples are “and 1” being called out by players/bench.”Foul “ or “That’s a foul “ being called out.
Technical infractions which may breach the ethos of sportsmanship. An example of this is running outside the court to avoid a screen which gives the player an unfair advantage.
Move closer to the table, administer the technical foul procedure then inform the captain which player has the technical foul and why you have given it. Then administer the fouls shot(s). You may also inform the coach if you think this is suitable.
For example; “Captain, I have given player 4 a technical foul for verbal dissent." Can you also inform him that a further technical foul or unsportsmanlike foul will result in a disqualification.
As with the unsportsmanlike foul it is your responsibility to ensure that good sportsmanship and discipline are upheld within the team. Perhaps the main part of your job in these situations is to having a calming influence, as often you will be the most experienced person on the court.
Does the club have a policy on how to prevent technical and unsportsmanlike fouls?
Referee Outcome One Free Throw awarded at the time of the TF being issued. The ball returns to whomever had possession.
There are 4 categories for an unsportsmanlike foul which should be followed; however, this guidance is in relatively plain English. It was felt that in previous seasons not enough Unsportsmanlike Fouls were called at all levels. Some being treated as normal foul calls.
1. Was the action a basketball action, if no then call an unsportsmanlike foul.
2. Was the contact hard or likely to cause injury if yes then unsportsmanlike.
3. In the last 2 minutes any foul before the ball is inbounded is unsportsmanlike.
4. Any contact with head or neck whether intentional or not is unsportsmanlike.
1. It is the coaches responsibility to support the referee with the calling of the unsportsmanlike foul. A way that this can be done is by ensuring that the rule is rigorously adhered to in all training sessions.
2. It is the coaches responsibility to educate their players bearing in mind their age and emotional ages. It should not be “win at any cost” ethos.
3. It is the coaches (and clubs) responsibility to ensure that parents are educated and support the referee's.
Article 37 (FIBA Wording)
C1 Not a legitimate attempt to play the ball within the spirit and intent of the rules.
C2 Excessive, hard contact caused by a player in an effort to play the ball or an opponent.
C3 An unnecessary contact caused by the defensive player in order to stop the progress of the offensive team in transition. This applies until the offensive player begins the act of shooting.
C4 Contact by the defensive player from behind or laterally on an opponent in an attempt to stop the fast break and there is no defensive player between the offensive player and the opponent’s basket. This applies until the offensive player begins the act of shooting.
Referee Outcome For an Unsportsmanlike Foul, generally, two Free Throws are awarded.
If an UF is called upon the player making a basket, it will be basket awarded 'and one' FT to follow.
The team who takes the free throws will then gain possession at the three-point line extended with a new 14 seconds offence.
How well did I do?
Being a referee in basketball can often be a lonely position. Yet refereeing is an essential part of the game. Often worked in isolation with the exception of your co-officials. But, improving your own performance will often give you a lot of satisfaction and will also enhance the standard of the game.
After every game as yourself;
Did basketball 'the game' win? If 'yes', then you had a reasonable game. If 'no', or 'not sure' then start to self analyse:
Did I call all shooting foul?
Did I call all the fouls which put the team at a disadvantage?
Did I get into the correct position to be able to call fouls and violations correctly?
Did I call poor skills, such as travelling/ illegal dribbles, so that playing standards are enhanced?
Was I able to communicate my calls clearly and with authority?
Did I cooperate with all my co-officials?
Did I give them help when needed, but ensured that my areas of responsibility were upheld?
If at all possible ask more ecperienced referees to give you a pointer to improve your game. Can you select one improvement from the above guidance and work hard at it during the next game?
Coaches are some of the best persons to help referees. Yet, many will criticise a referee in a negative manor especiallu in the heat of the game. Get into a good habit of letting a ref know that they have a good game, often this can be done either at the end of the game or the net time you see them. Work to balance your criticism. Any improvements you want to see in a ref is also linked to what they did well. Good coaches use praise to motivate their players, do the same with referees.
Good clubs will often initiate an officialing carer often by asking a parent or enthusiast to help out in the first instance. Take this one step further by enquiring on their progression on a regular basis so that the officials feel wanted.